7 Interesting Facts About the

Mausoleum of Halicarnassus Facts

The city of Halicarnassus where Mausolus and Artemisia ruled is currently generally Bodrum, chicken.

The term mausoleum originates from the name Mausolus. The expression mausoleum became title used for tombs built above surface from that point on.

Mausolus' wife Artemisia has also been his sibling. It absolutely was common in those times for rulers to get married their siblings.

Artemisia hired popular Greek designers to create the tomb. Two Greek architects Pytheos and Satyros created the design of this tomb. There have been additionally a variety of performers whom contributed numerous social influences to your tomb, including Greek, Lycian and Egyptian.

Artemisia passed away 2 yrs after Mausolus, before the tomb was finished.

Towards the top of the tomb there is a sculpture created by Pytheos. The carving depicted Mausolus and Artemisia in a chariot being taken by four massive horses.

Other Greek musicians that worked on the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus feature Bryaxis, Scopas of Paros, Timotheus and Leochares.

All the mausoleum ended up being manufactured from marble. It had been in the middle of a courtyard.

A staircase ended up being built leading up the system in which the mausoleum stood. There have been stone lions flanking the staircase.

There were scenes of Greek and Amazon warriors and their battles in scriptural relief (nearly the same as the images in coins - slightly raised) in the walls of the mausoleum.

Alexander the truly amazing overran the town in 334 BC but the Mausoleum had been kept untouched.

When pirates attacked the town in 58 and 62 BC, the Mausoleum ended up being once again remaining undamaged.

Within the 13th century, earthquakes toppled the columns for the Mausoleum while the stone chariot was destroyed

Into the 13th century crusaders took over the city. They utilized many parts of the Mausoleum to create their particular structures. In the event that you visit the castle at Halicarnassus you'll still see pieces of the tomb that have been always strengthen the castle walls.

By 1401 advertising, all that ended up being kept was the beds base associated with tomb.

Inside 1800s an archaeologist names Charles Newton found the remnants of this mausoleum. He discovered the statues of Mausolus and Artemisia and an item of the wheel of this chariot. They may be seen on Mausoleum Room in the British Museum.

The mausoleum had been raided by crusaders in around 1522 and any treasures or perhaps the systems of Mausolus and Artemisia had been gone.

Many people believe that Mausolus and Artemisia had been cremated and put in urns in the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus. Some think these people were buried in coffins. There is no proof for either concept.

The Antipater of Sidon, who was in control of detailing the Seven miracles for the Ancient World, made a decision to include the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus. Their explanation was that he considered it to be an aesthetic triumph.

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