11 Most famous historical

Monuments of India Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal

An immense mausoleum of white marble, built in Agra between 1631 and 1648 by order of this Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of their favourite wife, the Taj Mahal may be the jewel of Muslim art in India and one associated with the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage.

Le Taj Mahal

Immense mausolée funéraire de marbre blanc édifiée entre 1631 et 1648 à Agra sur l'ordre de l'empereur moghol Shah Jahan afin de perpétuer le souvenir de son épouse preferred, le Taj Mahal, joyau le plus parfait de l'art musulman en Inde, est l'un des chefs-d'œuvre universellement admirés du patrimoine de l'humanité.

تاج محل

إنّ تاج محل هو ضريح جنائزي هائل شُيّد من الرخام الأبيض بين عامي 1631 و1648 في أغرا بناءً على أوامر الإمبراطور المغولي شاه جهان بهدف تخليد ذكرى زوجته المفضّلة. ويشكّل تاج محل الذي يُعتبر أفضل جوهرة في الفن الإسلامي في الهند إحدى أبرز تُحف التراث البشري التي هي محطّ إعجاب العالم بأسره.

source: UNESCO/ERI


泰姬陵是一座由白色大理石建成的巨大陵墓清真寺,是莫卧儿皇帝沙贾汗(Shah Jahan)为纪念他心爱的妃子于1631年至1648年在阿格拉修建的。泰姬陵是印度穆斯林艺术的瑰宝奇葩,是世界遗产中令世人赞叹的经典杰作之一。

Мавзолей Тадж-Махал (город Агра)

Великолепный мавзолей из белого мрамора был возведен в Агре между 1631 и 1648 гг. по приказу могольского императора Шах-Джахана в память о его любимой жене. Тадж-Махал – это жемчужина мусульманского искусства в Индии и один из всеми признанных шедевров всемирного наследия.

Edificado entre 1631 y 1648 por orden del emperador mogol Shah Jahan para poder perpetuar la memoria de su esposa favorita, este grandioso mausoleo de mármol blanco es el más precioso joyel del arte musulmán en la Asia y una de las obras maestras universalmente admiradas del patrimonio cultural de la humanidad.


Dit gigantische mausoleum – opgetrokken uit wit marmer – werd tussen 1631 en 1648 gebouwd in Agra in opdracht van de Mogolse Keizer Shah Jahan, ter nagedachtenis aan zijn favoriete echtgenote Mumtaz Mahal. Het is het kroonstuk van de islamitische kunst in India en wordt universeel gezien als één van de meesterstukken op de Werelderfgoedlijst. Het mausoleum is gebouwd op de rechteroever van de (rivier) Yamuna en staat in een geweldige Mogolse tuin perish bijna 17 hectaren beslaat. De Taj Mahal wordt beschouwd als het grootste architectonische werk binnen de Indo-islamitische cultuur. Het reliëfwerk in het marmer en de ingelegde edel- en halfedelstenen maken het een buitengewoon memorial.

Taj Mahal © M & G Therin-Weise
Outstanding Universal Value

Brief synthesis

The Taj Mahal is located on right-bank of this Yamuna River in an enormous Mughal garden that encompasses nearly 17 hectares, in Agra District in Uttar Pradesh. It had been built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of their partner Mumtaz Mahal with building beginning in 1632 advertisement and finished in 1648 advertisement, using the mosque, the visitor residence together with main portal from the south, the outer courtyard and its cloisters had been included afterwards and completed in 1653 AD. The presence of a number of historical and Quaranic inscriptions in Arabic script have facilitated setting the chronology of Taj Mahal. Because of its construction, masons, stone-cutters, inlayers, carvers, painters, calligraphers, dome designers also artisans had been requisitioned through the entire of kingdom and also through the Central Asia and Iran. Ustad-Ahmad Lahori was the primary architect for the Taj Mahal.

The Taj Mahal is considered becoming the greatest architectural success when you look at the whole array of Indo-Islamic structure. Its recognised architectonic beauty has a rhythmic combination of solids and voids, concave and convex and light shadow; including arches and domes additional boosts the aesthetic aspect. Along with combination of lush green scape reddish path and blue sky over it show cases the monument in ever-changing tints and moods. The relief operate in marble and inlay with precious and partial precious rocks ensure it is a monument apart.

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